At December 31, 2018, the Company’s recorded reserves associated with legal and regulatory contingencies for which a loss is probable and can be reasonably estimated were approximately $19 million. There can be no assurance that the ultimate resolution of the Company’s pending or threatened litigation, claims or assessments will not result in losses in excess of the Company’s recorded reserves. As a result, the ultimate resolution of any particular legal matter, or matters, could be material to the Company’s results of operations or cash flows for the period in which such matter is resolved.
For matters involving a probable loss where the Company can estimate the range but not a specific loss amount, the aggregate estimated amount of reasonably possible losses in excess of the recorded liability was $0 to approximately $12 million at December 31, 2018. Given the inherent uncertainties and status of the Company’s outstanding legal and regulatory matters, the range of reasonably possible losses cannot be estimated for all matters; therefore, this estimated range does not represent the Company’s maximum loss exposure. As new information becomes available, the matters for which the Company is able to estimate, as well as the estimates themselves, will be adjusted accordingly.
The following is a description of certain litigation and regulatory matters:
The Company has received various subpoenas for testimony and documents, motions for examinations pursuant to Federal Rule of Bankruptcy Procedure 2004, and other information requests from certain Offices of the U.S. Trustees, acting through trial counsel in various federal judicial districts, seeking information regarding an array of the Company's policies, procedures and practices in servicing loans to borrowers who are in bankruptcy and the Company's compliance with bankruptcy laws and rules. The Company has provided information in response to these subpoenas and requests and has met with representatives of certain Offices of the U.S. Trustees to discuss various issues that have arisen in the course of these inquiries, including the Company's compliance with bankruptcy laws and rules. The Company cannot predict the outcome of the aforementioned proceedings and investigations, which could result in requests for damages, fines, sanctions, or other remediation. The Company could face further legal proceedings in connection with these matters. The Company may seek to enter into one or more agreements to resolve these matters. Any such agreement may require the Company to pay fines or other amounts for alleged breaches of law and to change or otherwise remediate the Company's business practices. Legal proceedings relating to these matters and the terms of any settlement agreement could have a material adverse effect on the Company's reputation, business, prospects, results of operations, liquidity and financial condition.
A federal securities fraud complaint was filed against the Company, George M. Awad, Denmar J. Dixon, Anthony N. Renzi, and Gary L. Tillett on March 16, 2017. The case, captioned Courtney Elkin, et al. vs. Walter Investment Management Corp., et al., Case No. 2:17-cv-02025-JCJ, is pending in the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The court has appointed a lead plaintiff in the action who filed an amended complaint on September 15, 2017. The amended complaint seeks monetary damages and asserts claims under Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act during a class period alleged to begin on August 9, 2016 and conclude on August 1, 2017. The amended complaint alleges that: (i) defendants made material misstatements about the value of the Company's deferred tax assets; (ii) the material misstatement about the value of the Company's deferred tax assets required the Company to restate certain financials in the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the periods ended June 30, 2016, September 30, 2016 and March 31, 2017 and the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, and caused the Company to violate the financial covenants and obligations in agreements with the Company's lenders and GSEs; and (iii) defendants made material misstatements concerning the Company's initiatives to deleverage the Company's capital structure. On November 3, 2017, the lead plaintiff voluntarily dismissed defendant Denmar J. Dixon from the action. On November 14, 2017, the remaining defendants moved to dismiss the amended complaint. From December 1, 2017 to February 9, 2018, the action was stayed pursuant to section 362 of the Bankruptcy Code. On July 13, 2018, the parties entered into a formal settlement agreement to settle the action for $2.95 million subject to notice to the alleged class and court approval. On December 18, 2018, the court approved the settlement, which was paid by the Company's directors’ and officers’ insurance carrier. On January 18, 2019, the time to appeal the court's approval of the settlement expired.